Most women are familiar with the obstetric application of ultrasound to confirm and evaluate a pregnancy. Ultrasound images are often the first time a family gets a glimpse of their new baby and these images are treasured for years to come! Ultrasound can also be used in gynecology to evaluate certain symptoms including pelvic pain, heavy menstrual cycles, painful intercourse and more. In addition, pelvic ultrasound is commonly used in monitoring infertility cycles.
Ultrasound probes come in several different shapes and sizes. Some transducers are used on the skin of a woman’s abdomen, while others are placed inside the vagina (transvaginal ultrasound). Getting the transducer close to the cervix, uterus and ovaries allows for more detailed images.